Preventing Common French Bulldog Health Issues: Vet Advice

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Dr. Majid Tanveer

Veterinary advice reviewed by Dr. Majid Tanveer (Licensed Veterinarian & Doctor of Veterinary Medicine)

Did you know that a whopping 75% of French Bulldogs experience some degree of breathing difficulty? Their adorable flat faces, while undeniably charming, come with challenges. But don’t worry – with proactive care, you can make a world of difference for your Frenchie’s health. 

In this post, we’ll reveal veterinary-approved strategies to prevent breathing issues, manage those pesky skin allergies, and keep your Frenchie’s back and joints healthy and strong.

Understanding Common French Bulldog Health Issues

French Bulldogs are an incredibly popular breed, beloved for their playful personalities and adorable looks. However, their unique physical characteristics make them prone to several health problems. Being aware of these potential issues is crucial for responsible French Bulldog ownership.

The Unique Physiology of French Bulldogs

French Bulldogs are brachycephalic, meaning they have adorably “squished” faces. This is due to selective breeding, which creates challenges. Their faces have the same internal parts as other dogs but crammed into a smaller space. Their nostrils are often tiny, making breathing difficult.

Despite their shortened skulls, Frenchies still have all the necessary breathing equipment. However, their soft palate (the floppy part in the back of the mouth) is often too long. Their voice box and even windpipe can be compressed too.

Those iconic “bat ears” aren’t just cute – they help Frenchies regulate their temperature. Despite their small size, they have surprisingly muscular bodies. Some Frenchies also sport short, quirky “screw tails.”

Common Health Problems in French Bulldogs

It’s important to be aware of health problems so you can provide the best care for your Frenchie and catch any problems early on.

Respiratory Issues In French Bulldogs

  • Brachycephalic Obstructive Airway Syndrome (BOAS): Condition due to their short faces, leading to breathing difficulties.
  • Stenotic Nares (pinched nostrils): Further restricts breathing.
  • Everted Laryngeal Saccules: Abnormal tissue obstruction in the throat.
  • Heatstroke: Prone to overheating due to breathing difficulties.
  • Higher Risk with Anesthesia: Increased risks due to airway anatomy.

Skin Issues Frenchies Experience

  • Skin Fold Dermatitis: Infections within skin folds.
  • Allergies (food, environmental, fleas): High tendency for skin sensitivities.
  • Sensitive Skin: Makes them even more prone to allergies and infections.

Digestive Issues In Frenchies

  • Food sensitivities: Common source of stomach upset.
  • Gastrointestinal upset (vomiting, diarrhea): Related to sensitivities or other issues.
  • Chronic Diarrhea: Possible sign of underlying digestive problems.
  • Hiatal Hernia: Stomach abnormality that can cause digestive issues.
  • Pyloric Stenosis: Stomach narrowing that can hinder digestion.

French Bulldog Eye Issues

  • Cherry Eye: Prolapsed tear gland.
  • Corneal Ulcers: Scratches or abrasions on the eye.
  • Dry Eye: Reduced tear production.
  • Cataracts: Clouding of the eye lens.
  • Corneal Dystrophy: Eye surface problems.
  • Ocular Dermoids: Skin-like growths on the eye.
  • Distichiasis: Abnormal eyelash growth.
  • Entropion: Inward rolling of the eyelid.
  • Tear Stains: Discoloration around the eyes, potentially due to blocked tear ducts.
  • Retinal Dysplasia: Abnormal development of the retina.

Back & Skeletal Issues

  • Intervertebral Disc Disease (IVDD): Spinal disc problems common in Frenchies.
  • Hip Dysplasia: Abnormal hip joint development.
  • Luxating Patella: Dislocating kneecap.
  • Back Injuries: Increased risk due to their build and susceptibility to IVDD.

Additional Health Concerns In Frenchies

  • Neurological Issues: Potential complications from skull shape and BOAS.
  • Dental Disease: Overcrowded teeth due to short faces increase risk.
  • Ear Infections: Prone due to ear shape.
  • Birthing Issues: Often require C-sections due to build.
  • Bladder or Kidney Stones: Possible development of these mineral deposits.
  • Pulmonic Stenosis: Heart valve defect.

According to a study conducted on French Bulldogs in the UK, the most common health issues include otitis externa (ear infections), diarrhea, and conjunctivitis (eye infections), with potential variations as the breed ages.

How To Prevent Respiratory Problems For Frenchies

Unfortunately, you can’t totally prevent breathing problems in Frenchies. But there’s a LOT you can do to make their lives easier:

Even a little extra weight makes breathing way harder for Frenchies. Help your pup stay fit with good food and enough exercise.

Hot weather is your Frenchie’s enemy. Walk them early or late, use cooling vests, and make sure they always have shade and water. Getting too hot makes breathing way harder.

Collars squeeze their necks, making breathing worse. Switch to a harness instead. If your Frenchie has really bad breathing, surgery can make a huge difference. Your vet will let you know if this is a good option.

Recognizing Symptoms of BOAS

Catching breathing problems early means you can help your Frenchie feel better, faster. Keep an eye out for:

  • Noisy Breathing: Like, snoring loud enough to wake you up, snorting all the time, or weird wheezy sounds – even when they’re just chilling.
  • Exercise Intolerance: They get tired super fast on walks, or pant like crazy after playing for just a little bit.
  • Blue Gums: This is serious! Rush to the vet right away.
  • Fainting or Collapse: Sometimes, if the breathing gets really bad, they might faint.

Strategies to Reduce Respiratory Distress

Along with all those prevention tips, here are a few more things:

  • Calm environments are important since getting worked up worsens breathing difficulties. 
  • Elevated food and water dishes aid swallowing, making breathing easier. 
  • A humidifier can combat dry air, which can irritate their airways

How To Prevent French Bulldog Skin and Allergy Issues

Frenchies are super prone to skin problems, so staying on top of things is key. Here’s how to keep the skin healthy:

Those squishy wrinkles are cute but need cleaning every single day! Use a special wipe or cleaner your vet likes, and make sure they’re totally dry afterward. Trapped moisture is like a party for gross bacteria.

High-quality food made for Frenchies helps keep their skin healthy. If your pup has allergies, a special diet might be needed.

Talk to your vet about whether omega-3s or probiotics might be good for your Frenchie’s skin.

Identifying Common Skin Allergies

Frenchies are super allergy-prone, and there are three main types to watch out for:

  • Food Allergies: Beef, chicken, dairy, and stuff like that in their food can be the problem. Itchy skin (sometimes all year long), red spots, hair loss, yucky ear infections, and even tummy trouble can be signs.
  • Environmental Allergies (Atopy): Think dust mites, pollen, and mold. You might notice your Frenchie gets itchier at certain times of year (like spring, when pollen is crazy). They might also lick their paws, rub their face, or have goopy eyes.
  • Flea Allergies: Even one flea bite can make a sensitive Frenchie super itchy, especially around their butt, legs, and belly. You might even see fleas or little black specks (flea poop) on their fur.

Natural Remedies for Skin Care

Natural remedies can be soothing, but it’s not a cure-all for serious allergies or infections. Always check with your vet first! Here are some ideas:

  • Aloe Vera: The goo inside this plant is cool and can calm down mildly itchy skin. Get the pet-safe product, and don’t put it on open sores or anywhere your Frenchie might lick it off.
  • Coconut Oil: This can help with dry, flaky skin when you rub it a little bit. But, some dogs go crazy licking it, and too much can upset their tummies.
  • Oatmeal Baths: Oatmeal is super soothing for itchy skin. Get special oatmeal made for baths (from the pet store) and use lukewarm water.
  • Apple Cider Vinegar (ACV): When super diluted, this might help with some mild skin ickiness. But it can sting if the skin is really bad.

Preventing Digestive Issues in French Bulldogs

Frenchies are famous for having sensitive stomachs, so it’s important to be careful about what they eat. Frenchies tend to gobble their food, which can cause gas and bloating. Try a slow-feeder bowl or a puzzle toy to make them eat slower. 

Instead of one or two big meals, try feeding several smaller ones throughout the day. It’s easier on their digestion!

French Bulldogs with upper respiratory issues may have a higher likelihood of gastrointestinal tract problems, as suggested by a study on brachycephalic dogs.

Diet Tips for a Healthy Gut in French Bulldogs

Choose a food designed for them. Look for a formula with a single protein source (especially if your Frenchie has sensitivities – try novel proteins like duck or venison). Avoid foods with lots of mystery ingredients; instead, opt for whole grains, fruits, and vegetables. 

Fiber-rich ingredients like pumpkin, sweet potato, and oats support healthy digestion. Remember to switch foods gradually over a week or so to avoid tummy troubles!

Food Allergies

French Bulldogs are often allergic to common ingredients like beef, chicken, dairy, wheat, soy, and corn, which can significantly impact a pet’s quality of life. If you suspect allergies, your vet can help identify the culprit through a special elimination diet. For severe allergies, your vet might recommend a food with hydrolyzed protein, which is easier for your French Bulldog to digest.

Food allergies, along with other allergic reactions such as conjunctivitis and viral infections, can also lead to bacterial skin infections, such as pyoderma, making it important to monitor your Frenchie’s diet and consult with a veterinarian if any issues with red eyes arise. French Bulldogs are also at a greater risk for developing conjunctivitis due to their genetic makeup as a short-nosed, high risk breed. Additionally, due to their unique characteristics, French Bulldogs are more prone to common disorders such as food allergies and other health disorders compared to other dog breeds.

Probiotics & Prebiotics

Probiotics are good bacteria that support your dog’s digestion and immune system. Prebiotics are special fibers that feed the good bacteria, making them stronger. Many quality dog foods include both probiotics and prebiotics, but your vet may suggest a separate supplement for additional benefits.

Treats, Water, and Vet Smarts

Avoid fatty snacks that can upset your Frenchie’s sensitive stomach. Opt for healthy treats like carrots, plain popcorn, or even a little of their regular food. Always provide fresh water to aid digestion and overall health.

Signs of Gastrointestinal Distress in French Bulldogs

Watch out for these signs that your dog has a tummy problem:

  • Throwing up frequently. Even occasional vomiting isn’t normal.
  • Changes in poop. This includes loose stools, and going much more or less often.
  • Loss of appetite or unusual eating patterns.
  • Excess gas or a bloated belly.
  • Tummy pain. They might whine, seem stiff, or hunch over.
  • Weakness or extreme tiredness
  • Blood or other unusual things in vomit or poop. This is an emergency – go to the vet immediately!

Other Stuff to Watch For:

  • Weight loss: Unexplained weight loss could mean their tummy troubles are ongoing.
  • Dehydration: Vomiting and having diarrhea lead to dehydration. Look for sunken eyes, sticky gums, and skin that doesn’t quickly snap back when pinched.
  • Excessive drooling: Feeling sick can sometimes cause excessive drooling.

Preventing Eye Issues In French Bulldogs

Frenchies’s signature big eyes can be prone to health problems. Keeping your Frenchie’s environment clean is essential; avoid dust, smoke, and harsh chemicals that can irritate their eyes. Consider doggy goggles for playtime in rough terrain to protect their eyes from scratches.

Routine Eye Care Practices

Regular vet checkups are crucial for catching eye problems early. A daily routine is important too: 

  • Gently wipe away gunk and tear stains with a damp cloth or vet-approved eye cleaner. 
  • Pay special attention to cleaning and drying those adorable wrinkles where moisture and goop can irritate.
  • Be alert to changes like redness, excessive tearing, cloudy eyes, or squinting – these warrant a prompt vet visit.

Addressing Common Eye Conditions

Even with good care, Frenchies are prone to certain eye problems:

Cherry eye occurs when a gland pops out, looking like a little red cherry – this often requires surgery. Scratches on the eyeball are painful and can get infected, so vets prescribe pain relievers, antibiotics, and sometimes eye drops. 

Dry eye means not enough tears, making eyes uncomfortable; this usually requires ongoing use of special eye drops. Sometimes, eyelids roll inward, causing eyelashes to scratch the ey. This typically needs surgical correction.

Preventing Back Problems

Frenchies are sadly prone to something called Intervertebral Disc Disease (IVDD). It means the squishy discs in the spine can get messed up and cause lots of pain. Here’s how to help prevent it:

Keep your Frenchie at a healthy weight, as extra pounds put strain on their spine. Use a harness instead of a collar for walks to avoid neck pressure. Protect their backs by preventing jumping on and off furniture – provide ramps or stairs instead. 

Importance of Regular Exercise

Exercise is important for Frenchies, but choose the right one. Building strong muscles helps support their spine, and exercise keeps them at a healthy weight.

Safe exercise for Frenchies should be gentle and frequent. Opt for several short walks throughout the day instead of one long trek. Swimming is a fantastic, low-impact way to build muscle – just supervise them closely. 

Indoor playtime with safe toys is great, but avoid roughhousing or games like fetch that involve sudden, jerky movements.

Supplements for Joint Health

Here’s a list of joint health supplements for French Bulldogs:

  • Glucosamine: Supports cartilage health and reduces inflammation.
  • Chondroitin: Works with glucosamine to protect joints and improve flexibility.
  • Methylsulfonylmethane (MSM): Provides anti-inflammatory actions to reduce joint pain.
  • Fish Oil (Omega-3s): Powerful anti-inflammatory to reduce pain and improve mobility.
  • Turmeric (Curcumin): Contains anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties.

When to Seek Veterinary Advice

Frenchies are prone to certain health issues. Here’s when to call the vet:

  • Breathing Problems: Excessive noise, difficulty breathing, blue gums, panting heavily at rest, or fainting are emergencies.
  • Itchy Scratchy, Skin: Constant scratching, sores, hair loss, bad skin/ear odor, or major changes in skin condition.
  • Tummy Trouble: Vomiting or diarrhea lasting over a day, refusing food, blood or strange things in poop, sudden weight loss or appetite changes.
  • Eye Concerns: Redness, swelling, discharge, squinting, cloudy eyes, or sudden dislike of bright light indicate eye problems.
  • Back or Joint Problems: Difficulty walking, stiffness, pain, yelping, shaking, or odd posture.

Other Signs to Watch For:

  • Major energy changes, unexplained weight loss, fever, or injuries.
  • More frequent checkups for older Frenchies.
  • Pay close attention after any surgery.
  • Know what’s normal for your dog to spot changes easily.

Remember, with Frenchies, it’s always better to err on caution and call your vet if you’re ever unsure!


Frenchies need special care. By knowing what to look for and taking action quickly, you’re giving your Frenchie the best possible chance to live a long and happy life.

Regular vet visits, the right diet, and preventing the health problems we’ve talked about are super important. With a little knowledge and lots of love, you and your Frenchie will have the best friendship ever!

Do French Bulldogs have lots of health problems?

French Bulldogs are known to have some common health issues due to their unique anatomy. Some common health problems that French Bulldogs may experience include brachycephalic syndrome (breathing difficulties), skin allergies, hip dysplasia, and spinal disorders.

It’s important for French Bulldog owners to be aware of these common health issues and to work closely with a veterinarian to ensure their furry friends stay healthy and happy.

Regular vet check-ups, a balanced diet, and proper exercise can help in managing and preventing some of these health concerns.

Are French bulldogs an unhealthy breed?

While French Bulldogs are adorable and popular pets, they unfortunately do have some health considerations due to their unique physical characteristics.

They are brachycephalic breeds, which means they have a short skull and flat face, leading to potential breathing difficulties and overheating. Frenchies can also be prone to certain genetic health issues like hip dysplasia, allergies, skin conditions, and spinal disorders.

It’s essential for French Bulldog owners to be aware of these health risks and take proactive measures to ensure their pet’s well-being, such as regular vet check-ups, maintaining a healthy diet, providing enough exercise while avoiding overexertion, and keeping them cool in hot weather.

By being informed and attentive to their needs, you can help your French Bulldog live a happy and healthy life.

What is the life expectancy of a French Bulldog?

The average life expectancy of a French Bulldog is around 10 to 12 years. However, with proper care, nutrition, and regular veterinary check-ups, some French Bulldogs can live even longer, sometimes up to 14 years or more.

It’s important to provide your French Bulldog with a healthy diet, regular exercise, and attention to their specific health needs to help ensure a long and happy life for your furry friend.

Is it possible to get a Frenchie without health issues?

While French Bulldogs are adorable companions, it’s important to note that they are prone to certain health issues due to their breeding. Finding a Frenchie without any health issues can be quite challenging, as they are predisposed to conditions such as brachycephalic obstructive airway syndrome, hip dysplasia, allergies, and spinal disorders.

However, by working with reputable breeders who prioritize health testing and ethical breeding practices, you may reduce the risk of health issues in your Frenchie.

Regular veterinary check-ups, a balanced diet, proper exercise, and preventive care can also help in maintaining your Frenchie’s overall health and well-being.

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